The Easiest Way To Learn Guitar Part 3

10 Easy Steps To Learn Guitar From Scratch – The Easiest Way To Learn Guitar Part 3

Basic Minor Guitar Chords Finger Placement

The other 7 chords you should learn are minor chords which sound sad and where the 3rd note is lowered or raised half a step from the 2nd note.


All The Basic minor Chords (m = minor)

Raised half a step, what are you talking about?

Okay, let`s slow down here. Look at at the notes again.

E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D#

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Now, let`s say we start on note number 1 or the E note. A half step would be to jump to the next step which is number 2 or the F note. Cool?

If we wanted to do the same with a whole step we would go back to number 1 or the E and jump two half steps which would be the 3rd note or F#.

So 1 whole step = 2 half steps.

If we start at F instead one-half step would be F# and a whole step from F would be the G note. Get it?

If we start at E and want to play something Major or happy, we play the 1st, 3rd and 5th note which would be E, F#, and G#. Here the 3rd note is a whole step from the 2nd note.

If we want to play something minor or sad, we play the 1st, 3rd and 4th note which would be E, F#, and G.

This can be confusing at first but don`t worry, just try to listen and see if you can determine if the sound is sad or happy.

What Guitar Chords Are In The Key Of C?

The chords in the key of C major are:

 C Major, D minor, E minor, F Major, G Major, A minor, and B diminished.

The chord formula for any Major key is:

 Major, minor, minor, Major, Major, minor, diminished.

1 (I) 2 (II) 3 (III) 4 (IV) 5 (V) 6 (VI 7 (VII)

Each one of the chords in the formula above has a set of scales belonging to them that also repeats and always are the same. The only difference is which key you start in or if you are playing in Major or minor. If you learn this chord formula and also the 7 modes or church notes, you can basically play anything you want and also solo over any song you want to! This was and still is my main goal as a guitar player. To be able to improvise and play my music to any chords or songs.

If you are new to guitar playing and not into metal don`t worry too much about the diminished chord at this stage. You should focus on learning the Major and minor chords.

Okay let`s look at the chords again:

E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D#

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

It is the same note but we want to start with the C note so we have to rearrange the notes a bit. So to make this easy to understand you cut all the notes above that`s before the C note or number 9. Then you passed them after the D# or 12th note. Remember that the order of the notes is the same we just start at a different place which in this case is the C note.

So we get:

C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Can you guess which note comes after the 12th note B? Hopefully, you guessed C!

Let`s put the above C chromatic scale together with the chord structure for the Major C chords where the notes in the structure are whole notes from C to D and D to E etc.

   C            D            E              F          G            A               B

Major, minor, minor, Major, Major, minor, diminished.

1 (I) 2 (II) 3 (III) 4 (IV) 5 (V) 6 (VI 7 (VII)

Okay, so number 1 or C is a major chord. We use M for major and m for the minor. Below are the chords used in C Major. The 2nd chord is a D minor. If you for example where to start with a D instead of a C, then the 1st note or root key would be D Major in this case since we are playing a Major scale. Can you guess what the next note will be or if it is minor or Major? The correct answer is that it would be an E minor chord. Hope this helps!

Is It Possible To Teach Yourself Guitar?

Yes, you can learn to play guitar on your own. Just pick up the guitar and strum the strings and get a plectrum and try to pick the strings and make clean sounds. You can also use your fingers to pick the strings if you don`t have a plectrum. You can even use a coin to pick them.

The main thing when starting out is to actually play something even though you don`t know any notes, chords or anything about the guitar. You need to break up those stiff fingers and then learn to play some one-string melodies by using tabs or watching “how to play” videos on Youtube.

If you are going at it alone you should learn from friends and family and consider buying an online course from the guitarists you know and like. Youtube is a great resource when starting out and to find beginner lessons. Use your ears and try to make it sound good, this does take time.

If you got the determination to learn then it is very satisfying when you have been struggling for weeks or even months to learn something and then suddenly you nail it!

Keep going and remember that it is never too late to ask for help or take lessons later on if you want it. If you play for an hour a day and have fun while playing you will over time get good and learn new things.


Can I Learn To Play Guitar In 6 Months?

Yes, if you play and practice consistently an hour a day for 6 months then you can have great progress and start to build up finger strength and control and start to really enjoy playing the guitar. If you at the same time focus on ear training and some basic music theory then you are on your way to becoming a real guitarist.

It is very rewarding to being able to jam along and play some solos to your favorite songs and artists. Keep going!

Guitar Playing Reviews Keep Going

Step 8) Learn How To Play Basic CAGE Chord Structure.

Now you should be practising to play these chords below. If you are uncertain about how to play them just go back to page #2 of this tutorial. Cmaj Amin Emin Emaj Gmaj Fmaj Dmaj

Now, let`s learn the CAGED system! This is based on the five basic open chord shapes C A G E and D chords you can see in the picture below.

We need to find the root note of each chord, this is usualy the first note in the chord or a song. So for example the root note of the C chord is the C note. Take a look at the picture below and see that the root is marked with a red R.

Also note that there`s more than one root note in each chord because they are the exact same note just in a different octave.

The root of a C chord, for example, is C Major chord, are built by adding the root, 3rd, and 5th notes of their respective major scales.

The notes of the C major scale are C–D–E–F–G–A–B. Therefore the root, 3rd, and 5th notes of a C chord are:

C–E–G since C is number 1, E is number 3 and G is number 5 if you count the notes one after another. In the picture below, you’ll find the five CAGED chords with the location of the root, 3, and 5 labeled in each chord diagram.

CAGED System Root

If we start with the C Major chord we have the root note C on the 5th string which is the A string. The 3rd fret of the A string is a C note and the 1st note in the chord. When we play a C Major chord we don`t strum the 6th note or the thickest E string.

The 2nd note or the 3rd is at the 2nd fret of the D string, this is a E note.

The 5th note is a G which is the same as playing an open 3rd string since this is tuned in G.

So far we got the root C, the 3rd note E and the 5th note G. The 2nd red R is the same as the 1st red R. Can you guess which note it is? Hopefully you guessed C! 

The 3rd which we found at the 2nd fret of the D string is a E note which is the same as playing the open 1st string (the thinest E string).

So to sum it up, in the Major C chord we play or strum five strings but only play 3 notes since the C and E notes are played two times just in different octaves.

So what we are playing are:

C E G C e

If you think it`s confusing to know which note is which on the fretboard I don`t blame you. Take a look at the picture below to get all the notes possible on the fretboard. You should learn to draw this yourself. It seems overwhelming at first but there`s only 12 notes you need to memorise because they repeat all over the fretboard.

Complete Fretboard Notes

If you for example take a look at the 6th string and start at the top and move down to fret 5 on the thickest E string, you should get to the A string.

Now imagine that you cut all the notes above the E string (start at A) and mentaly move all the strings onto the A string. Can you see that the notes are exactly the same?

We can do this with every string, you just have to find the beginning note of a string and the notes an order of notes are exactly the same.

This is why if you know the root note of a chord or song, we can “easily” know which scale or notes we can play over the chords to make beautiful music! You will learn how to do this in the next step.


Now you know the basic shapes and the location of the root for each shape. The next step is to convert each open-position shape to a closed-position shape—meaning there won’t be any open strings involved in playing the chord shape. To do this we must create barre chords out of each of the CAGED shapes. In the picture below you see all of the CAGED chords as barre chords. Note: No barre is needed to play the D shape as a closed chord.

CAGED Closed Shapes

The first barre chords most guitar players learn are the barre form of the A and E shape. Two shapes that are less familiar and prone to spacing errors are the G and D shapes. The common spacing error is to compress the fingering of the shapes. Be sure to keep an empty fret between your first finger and the remaining fingers used to build the chord, as shown in the picture below

CAGED Correct

By converting each of the five CAGED shapes into barre or movable forms, you have exponentially increased your chord vocabulary. Each individual shape can become any major chord you need: Simply move the chord up or down the neck and place the shape’s root on whatever note you want—it’s that easy. Take a look at the picture below and you’ll see that moving the C shape up one fret creates a C# chord, and moving it up one more fret creates a D chord.


When all the pieces are connected, you will have mapped the entire fretboard. Again, the best way to see how this works is to play through it. Play each of the chords listed in the picture below, paying attention to the fret markers and spacing of the shapes.

CAGED C Chords

 If you played the chords correctly, you should have heard that they were all the same chord—all C chords. Hopefully you realized that all five shapes were used and that you ended with the same shape you started with (assuming you have a cutaway on your guitar that allows you to access the higher frets).

By the way, did you notice the order of the shapes used in this example? The name CAGED not only tells you what chord shapes make up the system but also the order that the shapes connect to one another to map out the fretboard.

Below you can see all five shapes as C chords in one fretboard diagram

CAGED All Chords

What if you want to map out the chords in the key of A the same way you did for C? To do this, start with the open position A chord—an A chord with an A shape. Then think of the spelling of CAGED and find the letter following A, which is G. So, play an A chord with a G shape. Then it’s an A chord with the E shape, and so on until we return to the A shape. So in this example, our CAGED shape sequence is AGEDC. See picture below

CAGED A Chords

A general rule to keep in mind: Between two adjacent shapes, there will always be at least one note that’s common to both shapes. In Fig. 10, I’ve diagrammed all pairs of adjacent shapes for the C chord. Common notes between two shapes are indicated with a diamond.

CAGED Diamonds

Pay attention to the placement of your first finger when setting up the barre for the C shape. The common error is to place the first finger a fret higher than it’s supposed to be.