Step 4) Which Chords Should I Learn First?
Learn to play your first chord. The easiest to start with is E minor. You can use your pointing finger and press down on the A and D string at the same time and strum the guitar. Try to make the sound clean. If you are more advanced then place your middle finger on the 2nd fret of the A string and your ring finger on the 2nd fret on the D string. Just try to do the same as in the 3rd chord or E minor. Once you know this chord, you can learn how to play one of the most basic songs when it comes to learning guitar – smoke on the water. It`s very simple if you dedicate some time to learn it.
The C Major scale only consists of whole notes C D E F G A B C. Don`t get confused about (0#), it only means that there are no sharp notes in the scale. Don`t worry we`ll cover that later. For now, just try to learn the E minor chord. If you can play it clean, then try to learn more about the chords above.
If you take a look at the F Major chord, this is the same as a barre chord. You should learn this chord because you can move it around the fretboard, the exact same pattern, and play all the different chords. Pretty cool. Also if you only play 1 3 and 4, this is the same as a power chord which can also be moved around the neck to play all the chords fast without changing the fingering.
Step 5) How To Play A Melody On Guitar
Learn how to play a melody on one string. We will learn to play smoke on the water using one string at first. Then we will use the E minor chord we learned in step 4 and move this around to play the song using one finger only. Then we will learn how we can play this song using two fingers.
Below are the tabs for the song Smoke on the Water by Deep Purple. Note that we only use the D and G string. 0 on tabs is just to play an open string. If you want to learn more about 0 on tabs then read my article on the topic here.
First, try to play the song on the G string, then on the D string. Listen to the song on Spotify or Youtube to get a feel for the song and how the song sounds and try to focus on playing it at the same pace as the original song. If you can play it on a single string, then try to play it using both strings at the same time. Practice it until it becomes second nature and you don`t have to think about it. Good luck!
Step 6) Learn how to play all the notes on the guitar.
How Many Notes Are There On Guitar?
There are only 12 notes you can play on the guitar. Then why are there so many frets on the guitar, shouldn`t there be over 100 different notes? The 12 notes repeat over and over just in different places on the fretboard, they repeat but the order of the notes are always the same. When the notes start over this is to play in a different octave. If you move down the fretboard then the notes get higher and we say were playing in a higher octave. If we move up the fretboard we are playing the 12 notes in a lower octave since the notes sound lower or darker.
If you have 6 strings on your guitar you have 6 notes if you play open strings. The regular tuning for guitars is E,A,D,G,B and e. These are 5 out of 12 notes you can play. Yes, there are still only 12 notes you can play.
What Are The 12 Notes On A Guitar?
The 12 notes you can play on guitar are listed below. Note that these 12 notes repeat all over the fretboard. They just start over again in different octaves (same notes but lower or higher pitch)
Below are the 12 notes shown from fret 0 to 12 (0 is an open string)
If your guitar has 24 frets than this exact pattern would just repeat down the neck. So if you pretend that fret 13 was pictured below fret 12 than this would be the same as starting at fret number 2 since the 12th note is the same as fret 0 or the open E string. The next note would then be the same as fret 2 which is F#, then the 3rd fret G, then G#, etc.
If you look at fret 0 and 12 you can see that they are both E notes. They are the same note but in different octaves. The E on fret 0 (open string) is darker than the E note on the 12th fret. Try for yourself and hear the difference. First, pick the open E string, then put your pointing finger on the 12th fret on the E string and see if you can hear that it`s the same note and that one is higher than the other.
If you look at the E string on the 2nd fret you can see F#/Gb. This means that the notes are either sharp or flat. To make it easy just think about it as sharp (#) if you are moving down the fretboard. For example if you move from F (1) down to 2, then this note would be a F# (F sharp). If we instead start on fret 3 which is a G and move up to fret 2, then this note would be a Gb (G flat). If you find this confusing then don`t worry. It will sink in with time.
How Many Combinations Of Notes Are There On A Guitar?
There are only 12 different combinations of notes you can play on the guitar. However, these notes repeat over and over. Here`s a picture of all the notes on a 24 fret guitar.
How Do I Learn Guitar Notes?
If you look at string 6 or the thickest E string you can see that it starts with fret 0 which is the open string or E note. Now, if you follow this string down to fret 12 you will see that this is also an E note. So fret 0 to 12 is one octave. Fret 0 to 12 are the exact same notes as fret 12 to 24. Check for yourself! If your guitar only has 21 frets then just mentally remove the 3 bottom rows.
Notice that string 6 and 1 are the exact same, the exact same notes. The difference is that the thickest string has a lower sound and the thinnest string has a higher sound.
If you go back to string 6 the thickest E string and count down to the 5th fret you should get to note A (remember that E is string 0 so you would have to count down 6 steps). If you then start at the A note and count down 12 notes you should get to a A note one octave higher.
Now if you look at the next string, the 5th string which is the A string, we can see that the notes are the exact same notes and order of notes that we found on the 6th string. Check for yourself! Look at the A on the 6th string and check if the 12 next notes are the same as the notes on the 5th string (A string).
Try to do the same with all the strings and you will see that they are the same notes that repeat over and over. The notes and strings just starts at different places to make it easier for players to play since we only have five fingers. The arrangements of notes and the way they are tuned is to make it as easy as possible for five-fingered creatures to make music.
With these 12 notes, you can play every song ever made! When you press your fingers down on the strings on your fretboard, you change the vibration of the string and change the length of the string that is strummed or picked.
This gives you different sounds. The higher up you press on the strings, the lower the tones get. It s not intuitive! It s a little hard to grasp at first, at least it was for me. If you fret a string higher up on the fretboard the tones you are playing get`s lower (deeper).
The closer you play to the body of the guitar or lower down the neck, the higher the notes get. Try to sing like Beyonce and the tones are higher or feminine thus you move down the neck. Try to sing like James Hetfield of Metallica and the tones get lower as you move up the neck.
So when it comes to tones up is down and down is up, if that makes sense.
Step 7) Learn The Basic Chords
How Many Basic Guitar Chords Are There?
There are a lot of chords and alterations of chords you can play. According to Arthur Fox at arthurfoxmusic.com, there are 4017 different chords you can play! The numbers are based upon chords with at least three different notes. You will not need to learn how to play all the chords to make music, but you should start with the basic chords.
So there you have it. Most of the popular music being made use the same harmonic theory and scales (how the notes fit together in a sequence).
We tend to like what sounds familiar, and composers and players have experimented with only a handful of these choices and a lot of the rest of the chords sound bad. But if you want to be unique, then just experiment.
What Are The Most Basic Guitar Chords?
There are 14 chords you should learn to be able to play the most basic songs. The most basic chords you can play as a beginner guitarist are:
E F G A B C D. These chords are all Major chords.
These chords are the 7 basic Major chords you should learn. Major means that the sound of the chords is happy and that the 3rd note is raised a whole step from the 2nd note in the scale.
For example, here are all the 12 notes you can play in an octave. These notes just repeat all over the guitar and every time they repeat is called an octave. So there are only 12 notes you can play in total on the guitar, they just sound higher or lower depending on where you play them on the guitar.
E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D#
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (number of the notes in an E chromatic scale)
Chromatic scale means that all the notes are played one after another just as listed above. Only half steps between the notes (after the 12th note the D# the scale begins over again so that the 13th note would be the same as the 1st note)
Notice that note 1 and 13 are both E and thus are the same note but in different octaves. One note is higher than the other and the other has a lower or darker sound to it.